Oregon trail is a narrative based game based around the travel westward in a wagon where you have to manage food the people and resources along the journey. Terrible things tended to happen to different people. The version of the game that I played was the deluxe edition with many graphical upgrades from the original. The trail is displayed and traveling is shown as a moving wagon on a graphical display. You have a hud which can toggle different resource windows in towns/forts you can trade, talk with others and buy from merchants.
The narrative of the game is essentially the story of trying to travel west and make it to the final destination. It has a semi-accurate portrayal of issues involving diseases/sickness, food, natural elements. It is told through a display of your wagon traveling that you control. The game doesn’t really address people of color or women often other than that fact that they have prescripted lines of text that can appear when talking in town. In the game, you control the wagon and are responsible for making it to the destination. You ideally would be the protagonist of the story and the trail and trip would be the antagonist of the game.
The game gives some good ideas but also lacks depth as to how things are treated like diseases or snake bites you just use the rest feature to see if things get better sometimes people get better other times they die. You don’t really have a huge control of that. You can hunt to make sure you have food for your party. You can control how much food they go and the speed of your wagon but random events can affect your game. The narrative is mainly set and not a lot of room to change how the game works. You either make it to the end or don’t. If you fail to make it to the end you try again with a different set of starting resources.